Singapore open its first Digital Bank licences
Singapore open its first digital bank licences, so non-banks fintech companies will be allowed to provide banking services.
The eagerly awaited announcement, expected in June, was delayed after the assessment period for the award was extended due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
What is full bank licence?
A full bank can serve both retail and corporate customers.
Like any traditional bank, it can provide ordinary Singaporeans with services like having an account, deposits, loans, debit and credit cards, payments and investment products. But all banking services will be done online, with the digital bank not having a physical branch or ATMs.
This is different from having traditional banks put some banking services online via the Internet or mobile apps.
What is digital bank?
They will serve non-retail customers only, like small and medium-sized enterprises.
How were the winners chosen?
A total of 21 applications were submitted for the licensees and 14 were shortlisted.
The bidders included e-commerce companies, tech and telco firms, and fintech such as crowdfunding platforms and payment services providers.
The winners were judged on the following criteria:
- Their value proposition and business model
- The sustainability of their digital banking business
- Their innovative use of technology
- Growth prospects and other contributions to Singapore’s financial center
Singaporeans benefit from digital banks?
Higher interest rates: With less overhead, branchless digital banks may offer higher rates on deposits.
Lower fees for financial products are also likely, as there will be no middleman used.
Under-served groups in Singapore like entrepreneurs and micro enterprises can be more better reached, with the lower costs of digital banks. They may offer the opening of deposit accounts without a minimum amount, for example, or adopt a different credit risk assessment approach.
There can be more convenience for customers, with all banking services at their fingertips 24/7.
More personalised services, for example with product recommendations, can also be provided, with the use of technology to gather and mine data.
More innovative services can also be offered due to more competition, with banking opened up to non-bank players.
Any Possible drawbacks?
- Technology and service interruptions.
- Security and identity theft concerns.
- Lack of personal banker relationship.
Do other countries have digital banks?
Here are some examples around the world.
- Alibaba’s MYbank and Tencent’s WeBank in China
- SBI Sumishin Net Bank in Japan
- Kakao Bank in South Korea
- Neat in Hong Kong
- Timo in Vietnam
- Up Bank in Australia
- Starling Bank in Britain
- Chime in the United States
- Doconomy in Sweden