Linux on Windows 10: Running Ubuntu VMs just got a lot easier, says Microsoft | Industry
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The optimized version is Ubuntu Desktop 18.04.1 LTS release, also known as Bionic Beaver.
To achieve this goal, Microsoft worked with the developers of XRDP, an open-source remote-desktop protocol (RDP) for Linux based on Microsoft’s RDP for Windows.
Thanks to that work, XRDP now supports Microsoft’s Enhanced Session Mode, which allows Hyper-V to use the open-source implementation of RDP to connect to Linux VMs.
This in turn gives Ubuntu VMs on Windows hosts a better mouse experience, an integrated clipboard, windows resizing, and shared folders for easier file transfers between host and guest.
SEE: 20 quick tips to make Linux networking easier (free PDF)
Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 LTS also includes XRDP pre-configured for Enhanced Session Mode.
That’s the same way Enhanced Session Mode improves the Windows VM experience, but instead relies on Microsoft’s RDP to connect Hyper-V with those VMs.
Microsoft’s contribution to XRDP allowed XRDP to use Hyper-V sockets, labeled hv_sock, which “supply a byte-stream based communication mechanism between the host partition and the guest VM”.
The other key piece for improving the Linux VM experience on Windows hosts is Microsoft’s Hyper-V Quick Create VM setup wizard.
“With the Hyper-V Quick Create feature added in the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, we have partnered with Ubuntu and added a virtual machine image so in a few quick minutes, you’ll be up and developing,” said Clint Rutkas, a senior technical product manager on Microsoft’s Windows Developer Team.
“This is available now — just type ‘Hyper-V Quick Create’ in your start menu.”
Using Hyper-V Quick Create, developers can simply select Ubuntu Desktop 18.04.1 LTS Hyper-V image from the OS menu, and they’ll be guided through the setting-up of a user account, location, and time zone.
After setup, Enhanced Session Mode will be automatically enabled, and users are prompted to select a display resolution.
Users will then see an XRDP prompt to login and then need to ensure ‘Xorg’ is selected from the menu to log in to an Ubuntu desktop session.
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